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Potato

Botanical Name
Solanum tuberosum
Hardiness
Annual
Height
18 to 36 inches
Width
18 to 36 inches
Light
Full sun
Soil
Moist, well-drained, organic, acid
Planting & Care
  • Potatoes should only be planted after the soil has reached a temperature of 40 F. Tubers will fail to form in soils over 80F.
  • Use certified disease-free seed potatoes from your local garden center or catalog source
  • Cut seed potatoes into 1 to 2 inch pieces with at least one good eye (preferably 2) per piece.  Plant pieces 1 to 3 inches deep, spacing them 10 to 12 inches apart. Space rows 24 to 36 inches apart.
  • When the plants reach 6 to 8 inches, begin to hill the soil around base of plant. Repeat every 2 to 3 weeks during the growing season.
  • Hilling prevents the tubers from becoming exposed to the sun and becoming green and bitter
  • Green potatoes contain solanine, which can be toxic when eaten in large quantities
  • Providing even soil moisture cools the soil and aids in uniform tuber development
  • Use floating row covers to protect plants from insect damage
Problems
Colorado potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, leaf hoppers, scab, blights
Varieties
  • Yukon Gold - popular yellow fleshed variety
  • Red Pontiac - red skin
  • Norland - smooth red skin, scab resistant
  • Adirondack Blue - dark purple skin and flesh
  • Adirondack Red - reddish-purple skin with red flesh

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