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Pepper

Botanical Name
Capsicum annuum
Hardiness
Annual
Height
1 to 3 feet
Width
1 to 3 feet
Flowers
Early to late summer: white
Fruit
Bell types; banana types; chili types; sweet to very hot; variety of colors, flavors and sizes
Light
Full sun
Soil
Moist, well drained, organic
Planting & Care
  • Pepper seeds best germinate in warm soil temperatures of 80 F to 95 F. Pepper seeds will not germinate in temperatures below 55 F.
  • Start plants indoors 8 to 10 weeks before transplanting outside. Sow seeds 1/4 inch deep
  • Harden off transplants before planting
  • Plant only when all danger of frost has passed and the air and soil have warmed
  • Space plants 12 to 24 inches apart in rows spaced 24 to 36 inches apart
  • Use floating row covers to protect plants from temperature dips. Extreme heat and cold can cause pepper plants to drop their blossoms.
  • Providing even moisture is critical to fruit set and development
  • Mulch soil around plants to suppress weeds and retain soil moisture and temperature
  • Tall varieties or those with heavy fruit may need staking
Problems
Aphids, borers, cucumber mosaic virus, blossom end rot
Varieties
  • Big Early Hybrid - thick walled, 8 inches long, sweet, ripens to red
  • Caribbean Red - very hot, habanero type, red flesh, use carefully
  • Filus Blue - beautiful ornamental with violet tinged leaves, round purple fruit, great in container grouping

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