• slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide


Botanical Name
Capsicum annuum
1 to 3 feet
1 to 3 feet
Early to late summer: white
Bell types; banana types; chili types; sweet to very hot; variety of colors, flavors and sizes
Full sun
Moist, well drained, organic
Planting & Care
  • Pepper seeds best germinate in warm soil temperatures of 80 F to 95 F. Pepper seeds will not germinate in temperatures below 55 F.
  • Start plants indoors 8 to 10 weeks before transplanting outside. Sow seeds 1/4 inch deep
  • Harden off transplants before planting
  • Plant only when all danger of frost has passed and the air and soil have warmed
  • Space plants 12 to 24 inches apart in rows spaced 24 to 36 inches apart
  • Use floating row covers to protect plants from temperature dips. Extreme heat and cold can cause pepper plants to drop their blossoms.
  • Providing even moisture is critical to fruit set and development
  • Mulch soil around plants to suppress weeds and retain soil moisture and temperature
  • Tall varieties or those with heavy fruit may need staking
Aphids, borers, cucumber mosaic virus, blossom end rot
  • Big Early Hybrid - thick walled, 8 inches long, sweet, ripens to red
  • Caribbean Red - very hot, habanero type, red flesh, use carefully
  • Filus Blue - beautiful ornamental with violet tinged leaves, round purple fruit, great in container grouping

Related Content

Upcoming Appearances

June 6, 2020
Ebert's Greenhouse Village
Ixonia, WI

June 9, 2020
Milwaukee Public Library
Virtual Gardening Seminar


August 6, 2020
Ebert's Greenhouse Village's
Ladies Night Out

Ixonia, WI

Learn More

Book an Appearance

Learn More

Win a pair of Foxgloves!