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Peas

Botanical Name
Pisum sativum
Hardiness
Annual
Height
1 to 8 feet
Width
6 to 12 inches
Flowers
Mid spring to mid summer: light green, blue-green
Fruit
Early, late, snow, and edible pod (snap) varieties
Light
Full sun (best) to part shade
Soil
Moist, well-drained, loose, cool
Planting & Care
  • Peas germinate best in temperatures 40 F to 85 F - with 75 F being the ideal temp for seed germination
  • Direct sow in early spring when the ground becomes workable. Sow seeds 1 to 11/2 inches deep and 1 inch apart in single or double rows. Allow 18 to 24 inches between single or pairs of rows and 8 to 10 inches between double rows
  • For a fall harvest, plant seeds 8 to 10 weeks before first frost date
  • Prolonged summer heat can result in a poor fall yield. Look for more heat tolerant varieties
  • Stake or trellis at planting
  • Avoid high nitrogen fertilizers as this results in more foliage growth and poor flowering and fruiting
  • Much soil to suppress weeds, retain moisture and maintain soil temperature
Problems
Aphids, seedcorn maggot, wilt, powdery mildew, fusarium wilt
Varieties
  • Green Arrow - resistant to fusarium wilt and powdery mildew, 28 inches
  • Snowflake - high yielding, 22 inches
  • Wando - good heat resistance

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