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Dracaena

Botanical Name
Dracaena spp.
Hardiness
Zones 10 to 12
Height
2 to 10 feet
Width
2 feet
Light
Bright, indirect light; tolerates low light - tolerance varies with species and cultivar
Soil
Moist, well-drained potting mix
Planting & Care
  • Allow soil to dry slightly between watering
  • Place in shallow pan filled with pebbles and water to increase humidity
  • Propagate by cuttings or air layering
  • Sensitive to chlorine and fluoride in water
  • Toxic to dogs and cats
Problems
Spider mites, scale, brown leaves if soil is too dry or too wet
Varieties
  • Corn Plant (Dracaena fragrans) - wide, green leaves resembling corn
  • D. fragrans 'Massangeana' - most commonly grown cultivar, leaves sport a wide stipe of yellow along the center
  • D. fragrans 'Rothiana' - leathery leaves with white margins
  • D. godseffiana 'Florida Beauty' - shrubby in appearance, rounded leaves mostly speckled with golden-yellow splotches
  • Tricolor or Dragon Tree (Dracaena marginata) - long narrow leaves with variegation
  • D. marginata 'Tricolor' - narrow green leaves striped with cream and red
  • D. marginata 'Colorama' - green leaves with vivid pink margins that have better color in brighter light
  • D. marginata 'Bicolor' - narrow leaves streaked in red and green
  • Dracaena deremensis 'Limelight' - neon bright, wide chartreuse leaves
  • D. deremensis 'White Jewel' - dark green leaves with wide white stripes
  • D. deremensis 'Lemon Lime' - green leaves with white stripes down the middle and chartreuse margins
  • D. deremensis 'Ulisis' - green leaves with white strings down the middle
  • D. deremensis 'Dorado' - wide leaves with thin yellow margins
  • D. deremensis 'Janet Craig' - very common, wide glossy green leaves, can grow up to 10'
  • D. deremensis 'Warneckii' - white stiped leaves, great variegated plant for low light
  • Pleomele (Dracaena reflexa) - flexible stems sport dense leaf rosettes that spiral around the stem, plant will retain dense growth when grown in enough light
  • D. reflexa 'Anita' - narrower leaves than species, often grown as small tree
  • D. reflexa 'Song of India' - medium sized leaves with cream margins
  • D. reflexa 'Song of Jamaica' - dark green leaves with lighter green centers

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