• slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide

Eggplant

Botanical Name
Solanum melongena
Hardiness
Annual
Height
2 to 4 feet
Width
2 to 4 feet
Flowers
Mid to late summer: violet
Fruit
Variety of colors and shapes; purple, white, green, orange; long and thin or ball-shaped
Light
Full sun
Soil
Moist, well-drained, fertile
Planting & Care
  • Best germination occurs with soil temperature 80F to 90F
  • Start plants indoors about 6 weeks before the last frost date or 8 weeks before transplanting outdoors. Sow seeds 1/4 deep.
  • Harden off plants and transplant outdoors only after all danger of frost has passed and the temperatures have warmed to at least 60F
  • Space plants 18 to 24 inches apart, spacing rows 30 to 36 inches apart
  • Pinch off any flowers 2 to 4 weeks before first expected frost. This allows the plant to put its energy into ripening the existing fruit
  • Use floating row covers to protect plants from temperature fluctuations and pests
  • Some varieties may need staking
Problems
Verticillium wilt, flea beetles, aphids, cutworms, Colorado potato beetle
Varieties
  • Fairy Tale - 2005 All-America Selections winner, petite, white with purple stripes
  • Gretel - 2009 All-America Selections winner, small white fruit
  • Hansel - compact 3', thin purple fruit 3-10" in length
  • Easter Egg - small white egg-shaped fruit, mature to yellow, edible

Related Content

Upcoming Appearances


July 13
Pasquesi Home & Gardens
Lake Bluff, IL

July 14
Sanger House Gardens
Milwaukee, WI

July 20
Ebert's Greenhouse Village
Ixonia, WI

Learn More

Book an Appearance

Learn More

Win Melinda's Trees and Shrubs DVD set!

ENTER NOW