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Brussels Sprouts

Botanical Name
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Hardiness
Biennial, grown as an annual
Height
2 to 3 feet
Width
1.5 to 2 feet
Light
Full sun
Soil
Moist, well-drained, rich in organic matter
Planting & Care
  • Brussels sprouts are a cool season crop that germinates best in temperatures between 45 F to 85 F
  • Sow seeds 4 months before the first expected fall frost
  • Plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep, spaced 3 to 4 inches apart in rows spaced 30 inches apart
  • Plants should be thinned to 18 inches apart
  • Plants can also be started from seed indoors 4 to 5 weeks before being transplanted into the garden. Transplant seedlings when they 3 inches tall, before they become too leggy.
  • Provide adequate, even moisture
  • Mulch the soil around the plants to help retain even soil moisture, protect roots and discourage weeds
  • Use a floating row cover to protect plants from insects
Problems
Cabbage worms, aphids, cutworms, flea beetles, cabbage root maggot, slugs, cabbage loopers, clubroot, rust
Varieties
  • Bubbles - warm weather tolerant, rust resistant, 82-90 days to maturity
  • Tasty Nuggets - 1-11/4 inch sprouts
  • Long Island - heirloom variety, 24"
  • Falstaff - ornamental red sprouts
  • Oliver - easy picking, large, smooth sprouts

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