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Bee Balm

Botanical Name
Monarda spp.
Hardiness
Zones 4 to 9
Height
2 to 4 feet
Width
3 feet
Flowers
Summer: scarlet red, pink, white, wine red, purple, violet
Light
Full sun
Soil
Moist, well-drained
Planting & Care
  • Divide every 3 years to prevent spread of this aggressive perennial
  • Provide generous spacing and air circulation to help prevent powdery mildew and rust
  • Do not allow soil to dry out
Problems
Powdery mildew, rust
Varieties
  • Monarda didyma 'Gardenview Scarlet' - 4', bright scarlet flowers, fairly good mildew resistance
  • Colrain Red - deep purplish red flowers, good mildew resistance
  • Marshall's Delight - purplish pink blooms, good mildew resistance
  • Raspberry Wine - purplish-red flowers, good mildew resistance
  • Monarda bradburiana - compact native, pale pink flowers spotted with purple, 12-24" tall
  • Monarda fistulosa - wild bergamot, native found in drier soils of prairies, rocky woods, roadsides and undisturbed fields; lavender flowers atop 2-4' plants
  • Leading Lady Series - hybrid bee balms that are very compact and earlier blooming than M. didyma cultivars, flowers of bright pink, lavender, purple-pink, raspberry-purple

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