• slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide
  • slide

Norway Spruce

Botanical Name
Picea abies
Min Zone
Max Zone
40 to 60 feet
25 to 30 feet
Small male flowers are pinkish-red and clustered along the stems, female flowers are reddish-pink and upright on the tips of branches, once pollinated the flowers turn green and hang downward as cones ripen
Cone: Narrow, 4 to 6 inches long, 1.5 to 2 inches wide, light green maturing to brown
Full sun
Moist, sandy acidic
Planting & Care
  • Transplant large size plants (3 to 4 feet) balled and burlap
  • Prefers colder climates and acidic soils
  • Because of its large size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in larger landscapes
  • Not a tree for smaller yards
  • The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture
  • Does poorly in shady sites
  • Large cones can be a little consideration
Spruce gall adelgid, red spiders, tip weevils, cytospora canker, Rhizosphaera needle cast, bagworm, mites, budworm, borers
  • Acrocona - broad-spreading pyramidal form, bright red female cones, up to 20 feet
  • Bird's Nest Spruce (Picea abies 'Nidiformis') - dwarf shrub form, outward spreading branches with a slight depression in the center - resembling a bird's nest, 3 to 6 feet tall and wide
  • Cupressina - narrow variety, 25 to 30 feet tall by 6 feet wide, more tolerant of heavy snow loads
  • Pendula - weeping form, 12 to 15 feet tall and wide, often used as a specimen
  • Pumila - dwarf cultivar, 3 to 4 feet tall by 4 to 5 feet wide, rouned form

Related Content

Upcoming Live Events
& Webinars

August 1-11, 2024
Wisconsin State Fair

West Allis, WI

August 1, 2024
Ladies Night Out

Ebert's Greenhouse Village
Ixonia, WI

Sept. 5, 2024
Year-round Perennial Garden Maintenance

Wauwatosa Public Library
Wauwatosa, WI

Sept. 7, 2024
Fall Planting for a Beautiful Landscape

Pasquesi Home & Gardens
Lake Bluff, IL

Sept. 21, 2024
Preparing Your Garden for Winter

Ebert's Greenhouse Village
Ixonia, WI


Learn More

Book an Appearance

Learn More

Enter to Win The Great Courses' Make Your Trees and Shrubs Thrive DVD set