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European Beech

Botanical Name
Fagus sylvatica
Hardiness
Zones 4 to 7
Height
50 to 60 feet
Width
35 to 45 feet
Flowers
April or May: Monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same tree), not of ornamental importance
Fruit
Four-lobed husk covered with bristles containing 2 triangular nuts
Fall Color
Golden bronze
Light
Full sun
Soil
Moist, well-drained, slightly acidic
Planting & Care
  • Transplant as balled and burlap in early spring
Problems
None serious if sited correctly
Varieties
  • Tricolor - variegated leaves of purple, pink and cream; provide some shade to prevent leaf scorch
  • Tortuosa - contorted trunk and branches, 15'
  • Purple Fountain - weeping, purple foliage, slow growing
  • Asplenifolia - lacy leaves, deeply cut lobes
  • Purpurea - once called the Copper Beech, dark purple leaf out with leaves maturing to dark green, bronzy-green fall color
  • Fastigiata - upright, fastigiate form, green leaves
  • Red Obelisk - upright, fastigiate form, red leaves
  • Dawyck Gold - upright, fastigiate form, yellow leaves
  • Riversii - dark purple leaves, almost black when emerging, holds color all summer
  • Rohanii - vigorous grower, reddish purple leaves when emerging, maturing to brownish-purple, crisped margins (kinky hairs on edge of leaf, visible early season)
  • Rotundifolia - small 1-inch leaves with 2 to 4 pairs of veins, round to vase-shaped form

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