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Growing Japanese Toad Lilies (Tricyrtis hirta)

You’ll need to take a close look to truly appreciate the subtle beauty of toad lily flowers.

Hardy in zones 4 to 8, this late season bloomer grows best in partial shade and moist soil. The unique flowers are showy, resemble an orchid, but are very small. So, plant them in a lightly shaded border along a walk, patio or entryway where they can be enjoyed.

The upright arching stems grow 1 to 3 feet tall. The plant spreads slowly by underground rhizomes forming clumps 2 feet wide.

Japanese toad lilies combine nicely with other perennials that prefer the same growing conditions. Try planting them with ferns, hellebores, lungwort and trout lilies.

Cut a few flowers to enjoy indoors but leave plenty for the bees and other insects. Toad lily flowers are a great source of nectar for late season visitors.

A bit more information: Tricyrtis flowers develop singly or in small clusters. You can find the flowers on the upper leaf axils (where the leaves attach to the stem) and at the end of the stem.

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